Calculator payroll represents the backbone of any functioning business. It ensures that employees and other workers are paid fairly and on time. In addition, calculator payroll optimizes the process of paying taxes on wages. Examining this process presents an imperative step in the payroll process, as doing so incorrectly can lead to audits, fines, and even jail time. As a finance professional in charge of payroll and paper checks, you may be wondering how calculator payroll can be used to determine tax deductions. Read on to discover how to use calculator payroll for tax deductions.
Employee’s Withholding Certificates
Ensuring every employee receives an employee withholding certificate (formerly known as a W-4 form) displays the first step in using calculator payroll for tax deductions. Each employee should receive one of these forms upon being hired, and complete it before their first payday. The certificate contains imperative information that you will need to pay employees properly. Such information includes their name, address, marital status, and filing status. Additionally, these documents can only be accepted in their physical form. Electronic formats are only acceptable if they comply with IRS regulations. Surely, gathering information from employees’ withholding certificates demonstrates the first step in using calculator payroll to for tax deductions.
Determining Gross Pay
Determining employees’ gross pay represents the second step in using calculator payroll for tax deductions. Since gross pay displays an employee’s total pay before any deductions or withholding, it is crucial to calculate first. You can determine gross pay with relatively simple math, depending on the format of payment. Salaried employees require you to divide their annual pay by number of pay periods. Hourly employees need you to multiply their hours worked times their pay rate. Be sure to take into account overtime and other adjustments to pay rate such as holidays and bonuses. In addition, you can give work vacation meaning to earn tax deductions easily. Certainly, calculating gross pay demonstrates the second step in using calculator payroll for tax deductions.
Calculating Overtime Pay
Determining overtime pay displays the third step in using calculator payroll for tax deductions. Now that you’ve calculated gross pay, you need to calculate overtime. While this represents a much simpler process for hourly employees, salaried employees require a bit more effort in calculating their overtime pay. First, you must determine if the employee is exempt or nonexempt, with nonexempt being much more common. Next, calculate an hourly rate breakdown of the employee’s salary. For example, if they make $600 per 36-hour week, that breaks down to $16.67 per hour because 600/36=16.67. Then, calculate their hourly overtime rate, which varies by state, but is usually 1.5 times hourly rates. Multiply their hourly rate by 1.5, and then multiply that product by the number of overtime hours worked. Definitely, calculating overtime pay represents the third step in using calculator payroll for tax deductions.
Applying withholdings presents the fourth step in using calculator payroll to determine tax deductions. Multiply the number of allowances claimed by your employees on their certificates by the amount of one allowance for filing status and length of pay period. For instance, for an employee with a single filing status, two allowances claimed and a weekly pay period, you would have 2 x $70.19 (2010 amount), which totals to $140.38. Now, subtract this amount from their gross pay. Additionally, any other deductions such as sponsored retirement plans should also be applied at this time. What remains represents the employee’s taxable income. Of course, applying withholdings represents another step in using calculator payrolls to determine tax deductions.
Calculating FICA taxes represents the final step in using calculator payroll to define tax deductions. FICA includes social security and medicare withholdings, making this an imperative step to perform properly. To calculate social security deductions, multiply employees’ gross pay by the Social Security tax rate, which is currently 6.2%. To calculate Medicare withholdings, multiply gross pay by the Medicare tax rate, currently 7.65%. From there, the process requires a simple subtraction of these products from employees’ gross pay. Indubitably, calculating FICA deductions demonstrates the final step in using calculator payroll to define tax deductions.
Determining tax withholdings and deductions represent one of the most imperative tasks for financial professionals to perform properly. In order to do so, one must first ensure each involved employee fills out an employee withholding certificate, which contains relevant information for taxes. Second, you must determine the employee’s gross pay as a figure to deduct taxes from. Third, determine employees’ overtime pay by calculating their overtime hours and their overtime rate. Fourth, apply any general withholdings using the information provided by employees’ withholding certificates. Finally, calculate their FICA taxes by multiplying gross pay and the current rates on Medicare and Social Security taxes. When wondering how to use calculator payroll to determine tax deductions, consider the steps described above.